The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act included a provision increasing taxes on tax-exempt organizations. New Internal Revenue Code Section 512(a)(7) required that tax-exempt organizations include in computing unrelated business taxable income any amount incurred by the tax-exempt organization (i) for any qualified transportation fringe benefit for an employee (generally, costs of mass transit passes and parking near the employer place of business), (ii) any parking facility used by employees, or (iii) any on-premises athletic facility used by employees, in each case to the extent that such amounts would not have been deductible by the tax-exempt organization if it were a for-profit organization.

The impact of Code Section 512(a)(7) was to impose tax on the amount of these fringe benefits provided to employees on organizations that might otherwise be exempt from income tax. Religious organizations that previously were not required to file federal income tax returns were required under this Code provision to file income tax returns to report and pay tax. Many tax-exempt organizations lobbied extensively to have this tax repealed. Organizations argued that this was unfair to charitable organizations and diverted money away from charitable activities.

This lobbying by tax-exempt organizations was successful.

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